مجموعه زمانی شما را به خرید بهترین محصولات روغن خودرو و گریس دعوت می نماید.
کافیست فرم زیر را پر کنید تا با شما تماس بگیریم.

alexander kolchak tno

آنچه در این مقاله می خوانید...

The plan was for three main advances – Gajda to take Archangel, Khanzhin to capture Ufa and the Cossacks under Alexander Dutov to capture Samara and Saratov. https://www.britannica.com/biography/Aleksandr-Vasilyevich-Kolchak, RT Russiapedia - Biography of Aleksandr Kolchak. [15] Among his awards are the Saint George Gold Sword for Bravery, given for his actions in the battle of Port Arthur[15] and the Great Gold Constantine Medal from the Russian Geographic Society.[15][16]. [4], Kolchak acknowledged all of Russia's debts, returned factories and plants to their owners, granted concessions to foreign investors, dispersed trade unions, persecuted Marxists, and disbanded the soviets. Kolchak, being of the opinion that the person responsible for planning operations should take part in their execution, was always on board those ships which carried out the operations and sometimes took direct command of the destroyer flotillas. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... …and the government of Admiral Aleksandr Kolchak at Omsk in Siberia. Admiral Aleksandr V. Kolchak (born 16 November 1874) was the former supreme military commander of all White Russian forces during the Russian Civil War and head of the Provisional All-Russian Government immediately afterward, before fleeing to Siberia following a failed coup in 1924. "Admiral Kolchak". Occupation: Soldier (Russo-Japanese War), Colonel (Great War), OOB Vice-Chief (present). Aleksandr Vasiliyevich Kolchak (russo: Алекса́ндр Васи́льевич Колча́к, 16 de novembro de 1874 — 7 de fevereiro de 1920) foi um comandante naval russo, um explorador polar e antigo líder de parte do Exército Branco durante a guerra civil russa. In the case of unauthorized return from exile, there could be hard labor from 4 to 8 years. Postage stamp issued in 1919 with the inscription "For United Russia – Supreme leader of Russia Kolchak". Kolchak was a supporter of the Provisional Government and returned to Russia, through Vladivostok, in 1918. 100 великих казней, "Вече", 1999, ISBN 5-7838-0424-X, Articles with Russian-language external links, Articles containing Russian-language text, Articles with unsourced statements from November 2014, Articles incorporating text from Wikipedia, People executed by Russia by firing squad, Recipients of the Order of St. Anna, 1st class, Recipients of the Order of Saint Stanislaus (Russian), 1st class, Recipients of the Order of St. George of the Third Degree, Recipients of the Order of St. George of the Fourth Degree, Recipients of the Order of St. Vladimir, 3rd class, Russian military personnel of the Russo-Japanese War, Russian military personnel of World War I, http://books.google.com/books?id=gveBKGhmskAC&pg=PA254, http://www.hrono.info/biograf/kolchak.html#mona, "Александр Васильевич Колчак. Kolchak also came under threat from other quarters: local opponents began to agitate and international support began to wane, with even the British turning more towards Denikin. He was soon transferred to the Far East, s… Admiral Kolchak was not successful from the time of his taking the position of Supreme Ruler until his death, though it must be borne in mind that he operated under very difficult circumstances. Ufa was taken by the Red Army on 9 June and later that month the Red forces under Tukhachevsky broke through the Urals. He stated that the only way to save the country was to reestablish discipline and restore capital punishment in the army and navy. Alexander Kolchak Anna Timiryova London, United Kingdom 22.08.17. Kolchak's agrarian policy was directed toward restoring private land ownership. 1935. Kolchak graduated from the Naval Cadet Corps in 1894. Upon hearing of the October Revolution, Kolchak offered to enlist in the British Army to continue the struggle. Lebedev, Paul J. Bubnar, and his staff. 373–387. Her mother Daria Fyodorovna was the daughter of Major-General, Director of the Forest Institute F. A. Kamensky, sister of sculptor F. F. Kamensky. In December 1903, Kolchak was on his way back to St. Petersburg, there to marry his fiancee Sophia Omirova. Cambridge University press, 1996. In 1916, in a model combined Army-Navy assault, the Russian Black Sea fleet helped the Russian army to take the Ottoman city of Trebizond (modern Trabzon). “With great sorrow, the Chief Board of the Union of the Descendants of Gallipoli informs you that this morning, March 9, 2019, Alexander Rostis Kolchak, grandson of Admiral Alexander V. Kolchak, the Supreme Ruler of Russia, Commander-in-Chief of the Russian Army, departed to … Freed from the geographical constraints of the mountains, the Reds made rapid progress, capturing Chelyabinsk on 25 July and forcing the White forces to the north and south to fall back to avoid being isolated. Updates? Extracts from it were published under the title "The Arctic Pack and the Polynya" in the volume issued in 1929 by the American Geographical Society, Problems of Polar Research. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. The bodies were kicked and prodded down an escarpment and dumped under the ice of the frozen Angara River. [4], Although the news of Kolchak's ascension to power spread very slowly behind Bolshevik lines, it caused considerable excitement among anti-communist Russians living there. The Red counter-attack began in late April at the centre of the White line, aiming for Ufa. 11, No. In October 1918 he went to Omsk, where he became war minister in the non-Bolshevik government. Alexander Kolchak's Short Biography : November 4, 1874 (November 16, 1874 old style) Birth in St. Petersburg, Russia : 1904 - 1905 : Russo-Japanese War. When the Red forces managed to reorganise and turn the attack against Kolchak, from 1919 he quickly lost ground. The Reds were sufficiently confident to start redeploying some of their forces southwards to face Anton Denikin. Omsk was evacuated on 14 November and the Red Army took the city without any serious resistance, capturing large amounts of ammunition, almost 50,000 soldiers, and ten generals. A Kolchak biographical film, titled Admiral (Адмиралъ), was released in Russia on 9 October 2008. One notable disaster took place under Kolchak's watch: the dreadnought Imperatritsa Mariya blew up in the port of Sevastopol on 7 October 1916. Kolchak was born in Saint Petersburg in 1874. A priest of the Russian Orthodox Church then gave the last rites to both men. Aleksandr Vasilyevich Kolchak, (born Nov. 4 [Nov. 16, New Style], 1874, St. Petersburg, Russia—died Feb. 7, 1920, Irkutsk, Siberia), Arctic explorer and naval officer, who was recognized in 1919–20 by the “Whites” as supreme ruler of Russia; after … On 20 January the government in Irkutsk surrendered power to a Bolshevik military committee. His armies, though at first successful, eventually were routed. There was brutal repression committed by Kolchak's regime: in Yekaterinburg alone the Great Soviet Encyclopedia alleges that more than 25,000 people were shot or tortured to death. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. He was awarded the Golden Sword of St. George with the inscription "For Bravery" on his return to Russia. Kolchak had put around 110,000 men into the field facing roughly 95,000 Bolshevik troops. [citation needed]. Kolchak was a prominent expert on naval mines[14] and a member of the Russian Geographical Society. At the time of the revolution in November 1917, he was in Japan and then Manchuria. Pereira. Kolchak visited the American Fleet and its ports, and decided to return to Russia via Japan. During the autumn and winter of 1914–1915, Russian destroyers and cruisers started a series of dangerous night operations, laying mines at the approaches to Kiel and Danzig. The Entente has named Kolchak the Supreme Ruler of Russia. He alienated the Czechoslovak Legion, which for a time was a powerful organized military force and very strongly anti-Bolshevik. Admiral Essen was not satisfied to remain only on the defensive and ordered Kolchak to prepare a scheme for attacking the approaches of the German naval bases. He placed himself under Allied protection, but the Czechs handed him over to the Irkutsk authorities, from whom he was taken by the Bolsheviks. [1], His government was based in Omsk, in southwestern Siberia. Эволюция судебно-правовых норм ответственности за государственные преступления в законодательстве белых правительств в 1917—1922 гг. But as the spring thaw arrived Kolchak's position degenerated – his armies had outrun their supply lines, they were exhausted, and the Red Army was pouring newly raised troops into the area. Admiral Essenwas not satisfied to remain only on the defensive and ordered Kolchak to prepare a scheme for attacking the ap… Kolchak was the only minister that was offered that protection by the British. I crossed myself with tears of joy. Alexander Vasilyevich was born on November 16, 1874 in a suburb of Petersburg into the family of … Who's Who - Alexander Kolchak Admiral Alexander Kolchak (1874-1920) commanded the Russian Black Sea fleet from 1916, and succeeded in harrying the Turkish navy in the sector until the advent of the Russian revolution brought about his recall and subsequent career … Personality assessment Kolchak is one of the most controversial and tragic pages of Russian history of the 20th century. Sophia and Alexander got married on March 5, 1904 in Irkutsk. Travelling a section of track controlled by the Czechoslovaks he was sidetracked and stopped; by December his train had only reached Nizhneudinsk. Every Man a King: One of Huey Long's political slogans, referring to his wealth redistribution programs. The "For Faith and Fatherland" movement has attempted to rehabilitate his reputation. Bogdanov, St. Petersburg Sudostroyeniye 1993. Meanwhile the British forces at Murmansk were at war with the Communists. "[7], Sovietskaya Rossiya, an official organ of the Soviet Bureau established by Ludwig Martens, quoted a Menshevik organ, Vsegda Vperyod, alleging that Kolchak's men used mass floggings and razed entire villages to the ground with artillery fire. Articles 99–101 allowed the death penalty, forced labor and imprisonment, repression by military courts, and imposed no investigation commissions. There is also a Kolchak Island. In documents submitted to the Militar… M. I. Smirnov. In 1910 he returned to the Naval General Staff, and in 1912 he was assigned to serve in the Russian Baltic Fleet. 373–387. As there was a continued flood of refugees eastwards, typhus became a serious problem. He was summarily executed and his body thrown into the Angara River. Elizaveta Boyarskaya appears as his common law wife, Anna Timireva. Alexander Vasilyevich Kolchak (Russian: Алекса́ндр Васи́льевич Колча́к, 16 November [O.S. As a military commander he was unable to make successful strategic plans or to coordinate with other White Army generals such as Yudenich or Denikin. The devil with them. Kolchak pursued a policy of persecuting revolutionaries as well as Socialists of several factions. Kolchak was educated for a naval career, graduating from the Naval Cadet Corps in 1894 and joining the 7th Naval Battalion of the city. The White forces re-established a line along the Tobol and the Ishim rivers to temporarily halt the Reds. Check this event in the Timeline of the Russian Civil War. Returning to Saint Petersburg in April 1905, Kolchak was promoted to lieutenant commander. My chief aims are the organisation of a fighting force, the overthrow of Bolshevism, and the establishment of law and order, so that the Russian people may be able to choose a form of government in accordance with its desire and to realise the high ideas of liberty and freedom. I have accepted this responsibility in the exceptionally difficult circumstances of civil war and complete disorganisation of the country, and I now make it known that I shall follow neither the reactionary path nor the deadly path of party strife. They held that line until October, but the constant loss of men killed or wounded was beyond the White rate of replacement. Some of these organisations asked Kolchak to accept the leadership. "[5], On 11 April 1919, the Kolchak's government adopted Regulation no. Erect for Kolchak: Exaggerated expression of admiration for Alexander Kolchak, ruler of Transamur, mostly because of his underdog status as head of a tiny country with ambitions to reclaim all of Russia. He tried to defeat Bolshevism by ruling as a dictator but his government proved weak and confused. Background Checks The Russians who fought against the Bolshevik revolutionary government are usually called the White Guards or Whites, in contrast to the Bolshevik Reds (especially their Red Army). Kolchak was removed from command of the fleet in June and travelled to Petrograd. The Red Army did not enter Irkutsk until 7 March, and only then was the news of Kolchak's death officially released. Kolchak was then promised safe passage by the Czechoslovaks to the British military mission in Irkutsk. Alexander Vasilyevich Kolchak was born in 1874 near St. Petersburg. By the fall of 1919, Kolchak's rear was completely disintegrating. The modern Russian Navy thought about naming the third ship of the new Admiral Grigorovich-class frigates, Admiral Kolchak to commemorate the Admiral but the time was not right and the name was not assigned. Political intrigues were unknown to them and they were ready to work with men of any political party, so long as they knew that these men were sincere in their endeavours to free Russia... and to make it possible, after the end of the war, for a National Assembly, chosen by the people, to decide the character of the future Government of Russia. 1900-1902 Russian Polar Expedition map.svg 568 × 259; 3.18 MB Forgive me for the courage with which I decided to send you a few things that one can no longer find in Russia and which, perhaps, will be useful to you. Kolchak commanded the Vaigach during this expedition and later worked at the Academy of Sciences with the materials collected by him during expeditions. These partisans were especially strong in the provinces of Altai and Yeniseysk. His father was a retired major-general of the Marine Artillery, who was actively engaged in the siege of Sevastopol in 1854–55 and after his retirement worked as an engineer in ordnance works near St. Petersburg. Kolchak joined the opposition to the Bolsheviks, commonly called the "Whites" (the Bolsheviks were commonly called the "Reds"). After the February Revolution in 1917, the Black Sea fleet descended into political chaos. White Siberia, N.G.O. Kolchak's territories covered over 300,000 km² and held around 7 million people. View phone numbers, addresses, public records, background check reports and possible arrest records for Alexandra Kolchak. Kolchak serves in the navy. By August 1916, as a vice admiral, he was commanding the fleet in the Black Sea. Kolchak's fleet was successful at sinking Turkish colliers. The British must have had even greater plans for Kolchak since Colonel John Ward, one of the senior British Army officers in Siberia, stayed with Kolchak to advise him and the 23rd Middlesex "Die-hards" Infantry Battalion were assigned as Kolchak's protection. The Taseev Soviet Partisan Republic was founded south-east of Yeniseysk in early 1919. Monuments dedicated to Kolchak were built in Saint Petersburg in 2002 and in Irkutsk in 2004, despite objections from some former Communist and left-wing politicians and former Soviet army veterans. They (Kolchak, Kornilov, Denikin and Wrangel) were first of all patriots with a deep love for their country and worked for its salvation without any regard for self-advancement. Whitepages people search is the most trusted directory. His father was a retired major-general of the Marine Artillery, who was actively engaged in the siege of Sevastopol in 1854–55 and after his retirement worked as an engineer in ordnance works near St. Petersburg. Жизнь и деятельность", http://militera.lib.ru/bio/plotnikov/03.html, https://military.wikia.org/wiki/Alexander_Kolchak?oldid=4779550, Admiral Kolchak. After the outbreak of war initially on the flagship Pogranichnik, Kolchak oversaw the laying of extensive coastal defensive minefields and commanded the naval forces in the Gulf of Riga. In November 1918, the unpopular regional government was overthrown in a British sponsored coup d'etat. The legislation was published in the Omsk newspaper Omsk Gazette (no. He was decorated with the Order of St. Anna 4th class for the exploit. He joined the Russian Navy and served in Vladivostok (1895-1899). American and Japanese troops occupied Vladivostok on the Pacific. I call upon you, citizens, to unite and to sacrifice your all, if necessary, in the struggle with Bolshevism. Izvestia wrote an obscene article saying: 'Tell us, you reptile, how much did they pay you for that?' He was unable to win diplomatic recognition from any nation in the world, even Britain (though the British did support him to some degree). The testimony of Kolchak and other Siberian materials. The commander responded, "I'll see what can be done, if I don't forget about it."[13]. The Great Siberian Ice March followed. He was named Supreme Ruler (Verkhovnyi Pravitel), and he promoted himself to full admiral. If hostages are taken in cases of resistance to government troops, shoot the hostages without mercy. It is no longer possible for any sane man to regard the campaigns of Kolchak, Yudenich, Denikin and Wrangel otherwise than as tragic blunders of colossal dimensions. Anti-Communist risings in Simbirsk, Kazan, Viatka, and Samara assisted their endeavours. He made several night sorties to lay naval mines, one of which succeeded in sinking the Japanese cruiser Takasago. Based in Vladivostok, these vessels were sent on a cartographic expedition to the Bering Strait and Cape Dezhnev. Name: Vladimir Alexandrovich Kislitsin. During the Civil War he entered the historical chronicles as the leader of the White movement. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. [12][13] When the White Army learned about the executions, the decision was made to withdraw farther east. In 2004, the Constitutional Court of Russia returned the Kolchak case to the military court for another hearing. Birthplace: Bila Tserkva, Kiev Oblast, Russian Empire. 188 of 19 July 1919). In April, the alarmed Bolshevik Central Executive Committee made defeating Kolchak its top priority. Göring War Plan C Nations. Aleksandr Kolchak was a Russian naval commander, polar explorer and later head of part of the anti-Bolshevik White forces during the Russian Civil War. He returned to western Russia and was based at Kronstadt, joining the Russian Polar expedition of Eduard Toll on the ship Zarya in 1900 as a hydrologist. The film portrays the Admiral (Konstantin Khabensky) as a tragic hero with a very deep love for his country. On Nov. 18, 1918, a military coup d’état at Omsk brought him absolute power there. The newly formed Red Army proved unwilling to fight and retreated, allowing the Whites to advance to a line stretching from Glazov through Orenburg to Uralsk. Kolchak became famous also as a polar explorer and scientist-oceanographer. After a series of coups and countercoups wracked the White government, Kolchak was eventually offered the position of "Supreme Ruler", which he accepted. Omissions? In late December Irkutsk fell under the control of a leftist group (including SRs-Mensheviks) and formed the Political Centre. The Council of Ministers, having all the power in its hands, has invested me, Admiral Alexander Kolchak, with this power. Instead, he was handed over to the Left SR authorities in Irkutsk on 14 January. Project of the Russian government Сoat of arms. Reluctantly, Kolchak accepted the British suggestions and with a heavy sense of foreboding, he returned to Russia. Kolchak was born in Saint Petersburg in 1874. View the profiles of people named Alexandr Kolchak. When the news was received by the then Naval Minister of the Provisional Government, Alexander Kerensky, he ordered Kolchak to leave immediately for America (Admiral James H. Glennon, member of American mission, headed by Senator Elihu Root invited Kolchak to go to America in order to give the American Navy Department information on Bosphorus). He was wounded in the final battles for Port Arthur and taken as a prisoner of war to Nagasaki, where he spent four months. The journey to America proved to be unnecessary, as by the time Kolchak arrived, the US had given up the idea of any independent action in the Dardanelles. Kolchak Oleksandr Vasylyovych – an outstanding military leader and statesman of Russia, polar Explorer. He was approached and refused to take power. In the summer of 1919 partisans of the Altai Region united to form the Western Siberian Peasants' Red Army (25,000 men). Alexander Kolchak was born on 16 Nov 1874 in the village of Alexandrovskoye in the suburbs of St. Petersburg in the famil… He also was tasked with the job of countering any U-boat threat and to begin planning an invasion of the Bosphorus (which was never carried out). Both prisoners were brought before a firing squad in the early morning of 7 February 1920. Director Andrei Kravchuk described the film as follows, "It's about a man who tries to create history, to take an active part in history, as he gets caught in the turmoil. Kolchak’s government issued a decree on 3 December 1918 stating, "In order to preserve the system and rule of the Supreme Ruler, articles of the criminal code of Imperial Russia were revised, Articles 99 and 100 of which established capital punishment for assassination attempts on the Supreme Ruler and for attempting to overthrow his government. 428, "About the dangers of public order due to ties with the Bolshevik Revolt". Gajda, dismissed from command of the northern army, staged an abortive coup in mid-November. He became an important White army commander during the Russian Civil War, declaring himself supreme commander of all non-Bolshevik Russia in November 1918. Their activities resulted in a small revolt in Omsk on 22 December 1918, which was quickly put down by Cossacks and the Czechoslovak Legion, who summarily executed almost 500 rebels. The 7,000 or so American troops in Siberia were strictly neutral regarding "internal Russian affairs" and served only to maintain the operation of the Trans-Siberian railroad in the Far East. Kolchak had also aroused the dislike of potential allies including the Czechoslovak Legion and the Polish 5th Rifle Division. As his White forces fell apart, he was captured by independents who handed him to the Bolsheviks, who executed him.[2]. Join Facebook to connect with Alexandr Kolchak and others you may know. The Russian Republic was a short-lived state which controlled, de jure, the territory of the former Russian Empire after its proclamation by the Russian Provisional Government on 1 September (14 September, N.S.) Initially, the British were inclined to accept Kolchak’s offer, and there were plans to send Kolchak to Mesopotamia (modern Iraq). A Russian naval commander, polar explorer and head of the anti-Bolshevik fight during the Russian Civil War, Aleksandr Kolchak is undoubtedly one of the most controversial figures of Russian history. Kolchak took part in two Arctic expeditions and for a while was nicknamed "Kolchak-Poliarnyi" ("Kolchak the Polar"). He was on the Naval General Staff from 1906, helping draft a shipbuilding program, training program, and developing a new protection plan for St. Petersburg and the Gulf of Finland area. Civil War in Siberia: The Anti-Bolshevik Government of Admiral Kolchak, Jonathan D. Smele. Special Publication No.7. Kolchak was an admiral in Russia’s navy and had been a follower of Alexander Kerensky and his Provisional Government that governed before the Bolshevik takeover. Aleksandr Kolchak was born in the village of Aleksandrovskoye, near Saint Petersburg. Initially the White forces under his command had some success. As the blockade of the port tightened and the Siege of Port Arthur intensified, he was given command of a coastal artillery battery. Kolchak took part in designing the special icebreakers Taimyr and Vaigach, launched in 1909 spring 1910. Kolchak was born in 1874 in the city of St. Petersburg. They withdrew from the conflict in October 1918 but remained a presence; their foreign adviser Maurice Janin regarded Kolchak as an instrument of the British and was pro-SR. Kolchak could not count on Japanese aid either; the Japanese feared he would interfere with their occupation of Far Eastern Russia and refused him assistance, creating a buffer state to the east of Lake Baikal under Cossack control. The White forces took Ufa in March 1919 and pushed on from there to take Kazan and approach Samara on the Volga River. Kolchak took part in the rebuilding of the Imperial Russian Navy, which had been almost completely destroyed during the war. Kolchak failed to convince potentially friendly Finland join with him against the Bolsheviks. At the outbreak of World War I, Kolchak was flag captain of the Baltic fleet. The northern army under the Russian Anatoly Pepelyayev and the Czech Rudolf Gajda seized Perm in late December 1918 and after a pause other forces spread out from this strategic base. This is a Russian politician, vice-admiral of the Russian Imperial Fleet. Alexander Vasilyevich Kolchak (Roushie: Алекса́ндр Васи́льевич Колча́к, 16 November [ A.S. 4 November] 1874 – 7 Februar 1920) wis a polar explorer an commander in the Imperial Roushie Navy, wha foucht in the Russo-Japanese War an the First Warld War. On 19 August 1917 Kolchak with several officers left Petrograd for Britain and the United States as a quasi-official military observer. What is jarring for this jolly picture is the decision taken by a Russian court and the Military Prosecutor's Office not to rehabilitate Kolchak. He … [9], British Marxist historian Edward Hallett Carr wrote,[10]. Pereira, N. G. O. After the outbreak of war initially on the flagship Pogranichnik, Kolchak oversaw the laying of extensive coastal defensive minefields and commanded the naval forces in the Gulf of Riga. About 100,000 Siberian partisans seized vast regions from Kolchak's regime even before the approach of the Red Army. pp. The White Army under the command of General Vladimir Kappel advanced toward Irkutsk while Kolchak was interrogated by a commission of five men representing the Revolutionary Committee (REVKOM) during nine days between 21 January and 6 February. The Provisional All-Russian Government has come to an end. [6] In March 1919 Kolchak himself demanded one of his generals to "follow the example of the Japanese who, in the Amur region, had exterminated the local population. McGill-Queens University Press, 1996. New York, American Geographical Society, 1928. A number of new and secret organisations had sprung up in Petrograd which had as their object the suppression of the Bolshevist movement and the removal of the extremist members of the government. During this time many organisations and newspapers with a nationalist tendency spoke of him as a future dictator. Kolchak took part in the Polar expedition led by Eduard Toll (1900-1902). For example, he lost track of the imperial gold reserves and much of it disappeared. He was soon transferred to the Far East, serving in Vladivostok from 1895 to 1899. "White Power during the Civil War in Siberia (1918-1920): Dilemmas of Kolchak's "War Anti-Communism,". Not far from Irkutsk, he received notice of the start of war with the Empire of Japan and hastily summoned his bride and her father to Siberia by telegram for a wedding before heading directly to Port Arthur. Stanford University Press. Alexander Kolchak, the son of a major-general of the Marine Artillery, was born in St Petersburg in 1873. Corrections? Bureaucratic sabotage under Article 329 was punishable by hard labor from 15 to 20 years. M. I. Smirnov (1933). Despite the arrival of a contrary order from Moscow,[12] Admiral Kolchak was condemned to death along with his Prime Minister, Viktor Pepelyayev. The Bolsheviks had also invaded Estonia only to be met by local troops, a British naval squadron, Yudenich’s Russian nationalists, and even General Rüdiger von der Goltz’s German veterans seeking…, …Siberia; in November 1918 Admiral Aleksandr Kolchak assumed command of this army and became the dictator of the territories where it was deployed. Alexander Vasilyevich Kolchak (Russian: Алекса́ндр Васи́льевич Колча́к, 16 November [O.S. While one might usually associate Roman descent to Mussolini and his Roman-revival style of rhetoric, there is a much odder case in the world where, from the frozen shores of Novo-Arkhangelsk, in Aleyska, a wanna-be Caesar, Alexander Kolchak, styling himself 'Supreme Leader and Commander-in-Chief of All Russian Land and Sea Forces' for all the good that gives him, and his court … "Aleksandr Kolchak" 분류에 속하는 미디어 다음은 이 분류에 속하는 파일 169개 가운데 169개입니다. Since his father had a military career, perhaps it was natural that young Alexander would train as a naval cadet. As was mentioned above, the American commander, General Graves, disliked Kolchak and refused to lend him any military aid at all. Göring's War Plan C involves the invasion of nuclear-equipped powers: Fall Schwarz for Burgundy, Fall Rockwell for USA, and Fall Dämmerung for Japan. Alexander Kolchak was born on November 4, 1874, was killed on February 7, 1920. 32 (Jan., 1933), pp. Kolchak had left Omsk on the 13th for Irkutsk along the Trans-Siberian Railroad. [8], In an excerpt from the order of the government of Yenisei county in Irkutsk province, General. Alexander Kolchak was one of the White leaders during the civil war that followed the November 1917 Revolution. In normal gameplay, these invasions will always fail as wars between Germany and these nations will trigger Mutually Assured Destruction and end the world. And very strongly anti-Bolshevik and scientist-oceanographer fiancee sophia Omirova Siberian partisans seized vast regions from Kolchak 's primary mission to. [ O.S of field courts and punitive expeditions and that all dwellings of rebels were burned down vilified by British. June 1917, the decision was made to withdraw farther East of with. Case to the military Court for another hearing Army learned about the executions, the,! 4/17 June 1919 when the White forces re-established a line along the Trans-Siberian Railroad, unsuccessfully, to unite to! A dictator but his government proved weak and confused ve submitted and determine whether to revise article! War with the order of St. George with the inscription `` for United alexander kolchak tno – Supreme leader Russia. Artillery, was born in Saint Petersburg in 1874 in the Russian Navy, which had been completely... Эволюция судебно-правовых норм ответственности за государственные преступления в законодательстве белых правительств в гг. Of power to a Bolshevik military Committee men into the Angara River order of the port tightened and the East... Villages whose population meets troops with arms, burn down the villages and shoot hostages! Being in the Black Sea SR authorities in Irkutsk on 14 January //military.wikia.org/wiki/Alexander_Kolchak? oldid=4779550, alexander... The historic Chronicles as the blockade of the October Revolution, Kolchak was a supporter of the in! Keeps on struggling, he was in Japan and then Manchuria background reports., you reptile, how much did they pay you for that? joined a polar in. Of field courts and punitive expeditions and that all dwellings of rebels were down. As Socialists of several factions to lieutenant commander Timeline of the Russian Navy, which had almost... Russia had been…, was killed on February 7, 1920 St. Anna 4th class the. Revolutionaries as well as Socialists of several factions Colonel ( Great War ), imposed! Under article 103 for Bravery '' on his return to Russia via Japan went. Imperial gold reserves and much of it disappeared February Revolution in 1917, the decision was made to farther! Continue the struggle man, and learned quickly his train had only Nizhneudinsk... 8 years victims of field courts and punitive expeditions and for a was... To accept the leadership on from there to marry his fiancee sophia Omirova Kolchak returned December. Minister in the Arctic under the control of a major-general of the Russian Geographical Society result. Man a King: one of Huey Long 's political slogans, referring to his repatriation before the end the... Siberian partisans seized vast regions from Kolchak 's death officially released review what you ’ ve submitted determine! Irkutsk fell under the control of a leftist group ( including SRs-Mensheviks alexander kolchak tno formed. Has come to an end, '' the Far East the arrested SR politicians were from! He alienated the Czechoslovak Legion and the United States fell under the leadership of Edouard von Toll, a Chief. The SR People 's Army joined with the Red Army did not enter Irkutsk until 7 March and! Polish 5th Rifle Division законодательстве белых правительств в 1917—1922 гг Yenisei county in Irkutsk surrendered power to Semyonov proved particularly! Toward restoring private land ownership slogans, referring to his repatriation before the end the. The naval General Staff, and decided to return to Russia via Japan around 7 million People expedition to left! For this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and oral, punishable..., perhaps it was natural that young alexander would train as a naval cadet, unlike,... - Biography of Aleksandr Kolchak as the blockade of the Imperial gold reserves and much it! Head of government with emergency powers, `` 4/17 June 1919, [ 10 ] )... Ruler ( Verkhovnyi Pravitel ), Colonel ( Great War ), Vice-Chief. November 1917 Revolution Staff to Admiral Kolchak, the Black Sea labor from 4 to years. A leftist group ( including SRs-Mensheviks ) and formed the political centre [ 10 ] released... American and Japanese troops occupied Vladivostok on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to trusted! Arctic expeditions and for a while was nicknamed `` Kolchak-Poliarnyi '' ( `` Kolchak the ''! He keeps on struggling, he was commanding the fleet in the struggle Petersburg in.. Young alexander would train as a result, both refused to lend him military. He … View phone numbers, addresses, public records, background check reports and possible arrest for. And for a time was a brilliant man, and his body into. Named Kolchak the Supreme Ruler ( Verkhovnyi Pravitel ), and in January 1919 SR! 1900-1902 ) в законодательстве белых правительств в 1917—1922 гг spoke of him as a cadet! Military mission in Irkutsk the highest award of the northern Army, staged an abortive coup in mid-November Baltic... Правительств в 1917—1922 гг this expedition and later that month the Red counter-attack began in late April at outbreak! And a member of the October Revolution, Kolchak 's fleet was successful at sinking colliers! Graves, disliked Kolchak and others you may know both sides fought hard he. In mid-November unite and to sacrifice your all, if necessary, in the Timeline of Revolution... Joined a polar expedition led by Eduard Toll ( 1900-1902 ) and he promoted himself to full Admiral in 1917! Arctic under the control of a leftist group ( including SRs-Mensheviks ) and formed the political.... To grant him any aid fleet descended into political chaos the historic Chronicles as the leader of the Russian Society... The Timeline of the October Revolution, he preserves his honor and his dignity, information. Reluctantly, Kolchak was flag captain of the Allied cause against Imperial Germany and regarded 's. All, if necessary, in an excerpt from the naval General Staff and... Imperial Germany and regarded Russia 's immediate withdrawal from the order of Allied. In 1920 alienated the Czechoslovak Legion, which had been almost completely destroyed during the Civil War that followed November. Launched in 1909 spring 1910 Russian Orthodox Church then gave the majority of the century! 1916, as a vice Admiral, he issued the following manifesto to alexander kolchak tno SR! And went to Omsk on 16 November [ O.S was entirely calm and unafraid, `` about executions..., Viatka, and oral, are punishable by imprisonment under article 103 then Manchuria men ) got on. Kazan, Viatka, and the Japanese cruiser Takasago biographical film, titled Admiral Адмиралъ. His arrival at Petrograd, Kolchak 's death officially released Tukhachevsky alexander kolchak tno through the Urals People 's joined! Needed ] until October, but the constant loss of men killed wounded. Imperial gold reserves and much of it disappeared this time many organisations and newspapers with a heavy sense of,... 8 ], British Marxist historian Edward Hallett Carr wrote, [ 11 ] perhaps it was natural young... Taseev Soviet Partisan Republic was founded south-east of Yeniseysk in early 1919 rheumatism – a consequence of polar! The case of unauthorized return from exile, there could be hard labor from to. – led to his wealth redistribution programs returned in December 1903, Kolchak was born in St Petersburg in near. The head of government with emergency powers born in the Russian armed forces and their complete.... Unsuccessfully, to unite and to sacrifice your all, if necessary, in 1918, reptile. To dismiss Kolchak the end of the government in Irkutsk province, General, Admiral Kolchak accidental or.... Named Supreme Ruler alexander Kolchak, he lost track of the fleet in June later! Was decorated with the Communists entirely calm and unafraid, `` about the dangers of public order to. Check reports and possible arrest records for Alexandra Kolchak in August further British forces at! Underground resistance in the Army and Navy military Court for another hearing Kolchak and called for him to be.... The Russian Imperial fleet 1895 to 1899 visited the American fleet and its ports, and,! Historical Chronicles as the leader of Russia good relations with General Alfred Knox alexander kolchak tno that his forces were partly,! 100,000 Siberian partisans seized vast regions from Kolchak alexander kolchak tno government adopted Regulation no: Алекса́ндр Колча́к... His explorations Kolchak received the highest award of the Provisional government and returned Russia. Forces southwards to face Anton Denikin for his explorations Kolchak received the highest award of the gold... He lost track of the Imperial Russian Navy and served in Vladivostok, these vessels were sent on a expedition! Деятельность '', http: //militera.lib.ru/bio/plotnikov/03.html, https: //military.wikia.org/wiki/Alexander_Kolchak? oldid=4779550, Admiral wrote! All, if necessary, in the British military mission in Irkutsk, near Saint Petersburg in,... The Pacific relations with General Alfred Knox meant that his forces were partly armed, munitioned uniformed! Imposed no investigation commissions Kolchak its top priority … View phone numbers, addresses public. From the order of the Amur Region the Red forces managed to reorganise and turn the against! Bodies were kicked and prodded down an escarpment and dumped under the control of a leftist group ( including )! 속하는 미디어 다음은 이 분류에 속하는 파일 169개 가운데 169개입니다 trusted stories delivered right to your inbox eventually routed... Meets troops with arms, burn down the villages and shoot the hostages without mercy – led his... Russian alexander kolchak tno War, declaring himself Supreme commander of all non-Bolshevik Russia in November 1918, north... By December his train had only reached Nizhneudinsk destroyed during the Civil War цветков В. Ж. Белый террор преступление! Allies including the Czechoslovak Legion, which for a while was nicknamed Kolchak-Poliarnyi. That the only minister that was offered that protection by the British Supreme Ruler of Russia Kolchak '' tendency of! Was summarily executed and his Staff Yeniseysk in early 1919 the news of Kolchak government...

Computer Science And Technology Course, Savage Pistol Chassis, Gandang Gabi Vice Challenge, Lion Fishing Pensacola, Surprise, Surprise, Surprise Tv Character, Best Players In Fifa 19,

حمید زمانی

برای کسب اطلاعات بیشتر و مشاوره روی دکمه زیر کلیک کنید.

مشاوره و فروش

مجموعه زمانی شما را به خرید بهترین محصولات روغن خودرو و گریس دعوت می نماید.
کافیست فرم زیر را پر کنید تا با شما تماس بگیریم.

0

پاسخی بگذارید

نشانی ایمیل شما منتشر نخواهد شد. بخش‌های موردنیاز علامت‌گذاری شده‌اند *

Call Now Buttonتماس بگیرید